• How Covid-19 Has Affected the Healthcare Industry

      Griffin, Aundria; McCray, Justice; Mills, Keyonna; Swain, Shnean; Walthall, Sabrina (2021)
      Coronavirus infectious disease (Covid-19) first took rise in Wuhan city, China, in December 2019. The virus has spread globally to the point that the World Health Organization (WHO) declared a global pandemic on March 11, 2020 . Beyond our day-to-day life being brought to a halt, the pandemic has prompted a closer look at the country's health care system. In this research three categories of the healthcare system are identified as facing challenges during the pandemic. First, healthcare workers are affected by COVID-19 as their physical and mental health is challenged as they provide frontline critical care. Secondly, hospitals, especially those located in hotspot areas of the pandemic are increasingly overwhelmed within their management infrastructure and underprepared with inadequate facilities placing doctors and patients in life or death situations. Lastly, the insurance industry has not escaped the impact of COVID- 19 as enforced self-isolation rules has meant that elective procedures and consultations have been greatly curtailed and subsequently claim volumes have reduced in the short term. However, long-term, the treatment of COVID 19, the severity of the disease, and the length of hospital stays are expected to greatly increase the cost of insurance for individuals as insurance companies reexamine their losses. This research emphasizes the impact Covid-19 is having on sub-groups of the healthcare system.
    • Social Determinants of Health That Affected Covid-19 Outcomes

      Carter, Angelique; Couch, Valerie; Mullinax, Jonathan; Willis, Steffenie; Walthall, Sabrina (2021)
      The covid-19 pandemic has exposed the longstanding structural drivers of health inequities, such as race, economic disparities, and housing insecurities. These important determinants of health have interlinked with other factors during covid-19 to exacerbate existing social vulnerabilities in society. People from racial and ethnic minority groups are disproportionately affected by lack of access to quality health care which leads to inequities in treatment. People from lower incomes, experience challenges that make managing expenses, paying medical bills, accessing nutritious food, and reliable childcare difficult. Some groups are disproportionately affected by difficulties finding affordable and quality housing. This may limit their housing options to neighborhoods and residences with crowded conditions. These conditions are often time family members of many generations living in one household which can lead to exposure of older adults to illnesses and diseases. This research discusses how these determinants may increase risk of COVID-19 exposure, leading to hospitalization, long-term health issues, social consequences, and death.